A Changing Culture: The Economic Effects of Immigration Into Spain Since 1986

Open Access
Barfoot, Emily Blair
Area of Honors:
Bachelor of Science
Document Type:
Thesis Supervisors:
  • David Shapiro, Thesis Supervisor
  • Bee Yan Roberts, Faculty Reader
  • David Shapiro, Honors Advisor
  • immigration
  • labor migration
  • Spain
  • European Union
This paper seeks to explore immigration patterns into Spain since the country’s accession to the European Community and later European Union, to identify the effects of exponential immigration rates, and to indicate the importance of studying this phenomenon. The paper consists of an overview of history and policy, a discussion of overall Spanish economy and population demographics, fertility transition and population aging, cultural changes, and societal views. The author then addresses implications for the future, including potential effects of changing trends or strict regulation in a political move to better align with European Union goals.