Moringa oleifera functionalized sand water treatment appropriate technology for developing countries
Moringa Oleifera (MO) seeds are known to have antibacterial and coagulant properties, which makes them an appropriate agent for purifying water in developing communities. The major drawback to using the seeds is that the water must be consumed within 24 hours because Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) is left behind after treatment. In an attempt to use the seed’s properties without remnant BOD after treatment, the active proteins in MO seeds were adsorbed onto sand and the excess MO seed material was rinsed away. The functionalized sand (f-sand) was used to treat water, and it did not remove colony forming units (CFUs) more than 57%, and it added BOD, according to the BODTrak used.