Implementation of International Court of Justice Decisions

Open Access
Author:
Villarroel Vargas, Jennifer
Area of Honors:
Political Science
Degree:
Bachelor of Arts
Document Type:
Thesis
Thesis Supervisors:
  • Michael Barth Berkman, Honors Advisor
  • Christopher Jon Zorn, Thesis Supervisor
Keywords:
  • International Court of Justice
  • implementation
  • institutionalization
Abstract:
Over the past few decades, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) has captured the attention of many political scientists due to its increased role in the international field as the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. For the following study, I researched twenty-nine ICJ cases since 1946 and examined whether the participating parties have implemented the final decision based on the standards stated on the Charter of the United Nations. I hypothesize the year the case was introduced to the ICJ, jurisdiction, major party involvement, issue, and government type, mutually exclusive independent variables, are associated with high or low compliance. The overarching theoretical focus is on institutionalization. The theory predicts the ICJ is experiencing higher compliance today versus when it first established in 1946 because over time the institution has receiving more prestige in the international field, contrary to the general belief on the effectiveness of the ICJ today.