A Study of Self-assessment Accuracy and Personality

Open Access
Author:
Jeffer, Stephanie Nicole
Area of Honors:
Psychology
Degree:
Bachelor of Science
Document Type:
Thesis
Thesis Supervisors:
  • Rick R Jacobs, Thesis Supervisor
  • Rick R Jacobs, Honors Advisor
  • Samuel Todd Hunter, Faculty Reader
Keywords:
  • Assessment center
  • Self-Assessment
  • Self-Insight
  • College Major
  • Personality
  • Gender
Abstract:
The present study examines the relationship between the accuracy of self-assessment of leadership competencies, personality, and demographic information including academic major and gender. The study looks at data collected from a leadership assessment center conducted in the honors college of a large northeastern public university. These data have been analyzed in terms of the consistency between self-assessment ratings prior to the leadership assessment and its correspondence with ratings given to the students by trained assessors. The study compares ratings on Bartram’s Great Eight Competencies and was further analyzed as a function of the participant’s major and gender. Based on earlier research it was hypothesized that the participants from majors in the college of liberal arts will be more accurate in their competency ratings than students majoring in business and engineering. It is also predicted that men will rate themselves higher, reflecting a degree of over-confidence in their abilities, relative to women in terms of their leadership abilities. A research question was also explored directed at whether or not there are personality characteristics that enhance the accuracy of self-ratings.