the genesis of contemporary youth political movements in chile and mexico: an analysis of the impact of experience and ideology

Open Access
Author:
Mcdaniel, Melinda Marie
Area of Honors:
Spanish
Degree:
Bachelor of Arts
Document Type:
Thesis
Thesis Supervisors:
  • Judith Sierra Rivera, Thesis Supervisor
  • John Lipski, Honors Advisor
Keywords:
  • Mexico
  • Chile
  • youth
  • movements
  • ideology
  • experience
  • social media
  • youth political movements
Abstract:
This thesis seeks to compare the reasons for and impacts of two youth political movements in Latin America: La Revolución de los Pingüinos in Chile and YoSoy132 in Mexico. Throughout history both countries have struggled to find equilibrium between governments that are both revolutionary and effective. As a result, versions of socialism, neo-liberalism, democracy as well as a military dictatorship in Chile have each contributed to the ideological and cultural landscapes of these two nations. The underlying issues of poverty, unequal distributions of wealth and resources, classism and overall lack in equality of power and opportunity have prevailed throughout the changes in regimes. However, in recent years a rather unlikely contingent of society, the youth, have organized and protested to seek real, positive changes in their societies in ways that were unimaginable even twenty years ago. Everyday experiences have created a society hungry for change, which in turn has created a renewed ideology based on the hope that change is possible, which made now the right time for these movements to take place. Additionally, unlike in the past where people had no other outlets besides the physical public space to exchange ideas and to organize, the advent of social media has created a new virtual space where young people can connect and empower each other in order to organize complex and widespread movements to effect change in their societies.