Spain's Media System and the Impact of Graffiti on Public Opinion

Open Access
Beczek, Marta
Area of Honors:
Bachelor of Arts
Document Type:
Thesis Supervisors:
  • Matthew J Marr, Thesis Supervisor
  • John Lipski, Honors Advisor
  • Spain
  • Graffiti
  • Public Opinion
  • Media
Spain’s media system has a complicated history, having transitioned in relatively little time over the past four decades, from an authoritarian model to a libertarian model. This thesis first analyzes the role of media in society and explains how media systems are structured based on their political environments, financing methods, and levels of regulation. It examines the history of Spanish media from the authoritarian rule of Francisco Franco, beginning in 1939, through current media challenges under democracy. There is a strong focus on the lack of public opinion in Spain’s media after a national economic recession in 2008. The recession influenced the formation of media conglomerates, created a shortage of media funding, and limited the diversity of public information. Ultimately, this thesis introduces graffiti as a form of non-traditional citizen participation in the media sphere and validates its legitimacy as a method for the promotion of the free flow of information.