The Frequencies of Dreams and Nightmares: Examining Dream Content and Environmental Factors

Open Access
Woznicki, Mary E
Area of Honors:
Psychological and Social Sciences (Abington)
Bachelor of Arts
Document Type:
Thesis Supervisors:
  • Jacob Arthur Benfield, Thesis Supervisor
  • David E Ruth, Honors Advisor
  • Frances M. Sessa, Faculty Reader
  • Dream recall
  • Anxiety
  • Dreams
  • Sleep Behavior
  • Dream Content
Factors that play into dream recollection are attitudes towards dreams, personality, visual imagination, visual memory, sleep behavior, and stress measures. Anxiety has been a pervasive issue with 18% of the adult population in the United States suffering from an anxiety disorder and only one third of those suffering receiving treatment. The present study examined the relationship between an individual’s ability to remember their dreams and anxiety and sleep disturbance patterns. Participants were recruited from Mechanical Turk completed the MADRE questionnaire, The Dream Motif Scale, the National Institute of Health PROMIS Sleep Disturbance Scale, and the Beck Anxiety Inventory Scale along with demographics. Results showed there were gender differences in sleep disturbance, “Delusion” themed dreams, and nightmare frequencies. In addition, multiple analyses performed found significant correlations between other factors related to frequency and content. Previous studies have highlighted the possible factors that lead to this possible relation and are discussed.