Understanding The Effects Of Employment Legislation on Female Participation In The Labor Force From 1980-2004

Open Access
Author:
Pattni, Shaan
Area of Honors:
Economics
Degree:
Bachelor of Arts
Document Type:
Thesis
Thesis Supervisors:
  • James R. Tybout, Thesis Supervisor
  • Russell Paul Chuderewicz, Honors Advisor
Keywords:
  • women
  • female
  • labor
  • economics
  • development
  • employment
  • institutions
  • economic development
Abstract:
The purpose of this paper is to understand the effects employment legislation has on female participation in the labor force. On a broader level, this paper explores how formal institutions influence the labor market outcomes of women, and the driving factors that can improve these outcomes. To proxy for employment legislation I use a labor market rigidity index referred to as LAMRIG. Using an Original Least Squares multivariate regression and fixed effects model, I test the effects of LAMRIG on the FLPR with controls for economic standing, health, education, political representation, and fertility. Overall results show a weak significance and negative relationship between the two variables. However, the results differ widely when the data divides by region.