Evaluation of Different Zinc Rich Primer Coatings for Enhancing the Corrosion Resistance of Pipeline Steel to Internal Corrosion

Open Access
Author:
He, Jingyang
Area of Honors:
Engineering Science
Degree:
Bachelor of Science
Document Type:
Thesis
Thesis Supervisors:
  • Barbara A. Shaw, Thesis Supervisor
  • Patrick Drew, Honors Advisor
Keywords:
  • corrosion
  • electrochemical
  • pipeline
  • coating
Abstract:
This thesis investigates the properties of different coating systems to protect against corrosion for the steel substrate under environments of oil and gas. The coating systems were divided in two main parts according to compositions: the organic zinc and the inorganic zinc system. For each system, steel panels coated with only primers and samples coated with primers, intermediate coats and topcoats were tested. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and open circuit potential (OCP) tests were used to investigate the performance of the coatings. On one side of each panel, a pinhole defect was introduced, and the tests were performed for 3 months. The two multilayer systems were then compared with TESLANĀ® 1101 ZN-CNT low VOC epoxy primer along with topcoat. On the other side of the panels, the tests were run for 4 months to examine their performance with no defect. The solution used contained 2000 ppm of chloride concentration with a pH value of 3.5, and was refreshed weekly. For panels coated with primers only, the results showed that they all formed corrosion products, which protected the steel substrate as barriers. For panels coated with the multilayer systems and no defect, the electrolyte slowly penetrated into the coatings, but the coatings were still providing good protection against corrosion. The multilayer systems all performed better than primers only in terms of protecting steel, indicating the significance of topcoat. With pinholes, primers show very similar properties, while multilayer coating systems show that the existence of pinholes helped activate zinc as sacrificial metal. When comparing the multilayer systems with pinholes, the results show that the existence of carbo nanotube did not significantly improve the performance of coating. Among all the coating systems, inorganic zinc rich multilayer systems had the best protection against corrosion.