THE IMPACT OF INDIVIDUALISM ON THE SIZE OF TERRORIST ACTORS

Open Access
Author:
Egan, Megan Mincemoyer
Area of Honors:
International Politics
Degree:
Bachelor of Arts
Document Type:
Thesis
Thesis Supervisors:
  • James Piazza, Thesis Supervisor
  • Michael Berkman, Honors Advisor
Keywords:
  • terrorism
  • individualism
  • cultural dimensions
  • collectivism
  • Hofstede
  • predicting terrorism
  • terrorism and culture
Abstract:
How does the individualistic or collectivistic cultural nature of a country affect which types of terrorism that country experiences? This paper explores the connections between the individualism cultural dimension and the size of terrorist actors in order to be able to better predict what types of actors are more likely to commit terrorist attacks in various places. Finding links between culture and terrorism can help countries to make more effective terrorism policy; this research specifically attempts to determine which actors certain categories of countries should be most concerned about and subsequently tailor their policy towards. Results were inconclusive: some results showed a significant positive relationship between individualism and the percentage of attacks committed by individuals while others with different control variables did not. No significant results were found in the relationship between individualism and the percentage of attacks committed by groups. This shows some evidence signaling a relationship between a state’s culture and the terrorist attacks within it but no conclusive results in this analysis.