AN ANALYSIS OF EL KHOMRI LAW AND ITS EFFECTS ON THE FRENCH NORTH AFRICAN POPULATION

Open Access
Author:
Justo Zambrano, Stacy
Area of Honors:
French and Francophone Studies
Degree:
Bachelor of Science
Document Type:
Thesis
Thesis Supervisors:
  • Marc Authier, Thesis Supervisor
  • Marc Authier, Honors Advisor
  • Lisa A Reed, Faculty Reader
Keywords:
  • France
  • North African
  • Labor Law
  • Code Du Travail
  • El Khomri Law
  • Discrimination
  • Labor Market Discrimination
  • Labor Code
  • Econometrics
  • Randomized Control Trial
Abstract:
Despite efforts by the French government to eliminate labor market discrimination, it still persists today, and perhaps even more so with the passing of the most recent labor law: The El Khomri Law. The El Khomri Law, passed under the Minister of Labor, Myriam El Khomri, reformed the French Labor Code, the country’s rule book. The law made the following changes to the French Labor Code: increase in the work-week under the permission of administrative authority, increase in employer power, and employee dismissal effective if a firm experiences low turnover or profits. However, the El Khomri Law did not address the present labor market discrimination that still remains in France. Research studies by Eric Cediey, Fabrice Foroni, and Marie-Anne Valfort suggest that the French North African population faces the worst effects of labor market discrimination. It is possible that the effects may increase with this new labor reform. This research examines the El Khomri Law and the possible effects it may have on the French North African population in the labor market. To analyze this law, I examine the El Khomri Law, and critique how the recent changes to the French Labor Code may have an adverse effect on French North Africans. I postulate the effects of this law by reviewing Eric Cediey & Fabrice Foroni’s ethnic based discrimination study, and Marie-Anne Valfort’s religious discrimination study. I will also review a study testing the Anonymous Curriculum-Vitae (résumé in American English) policy that was designed to combat labor market discrimination in France. These studies may be indicative to the effects the El Khomri Law may have on the French North African Population.