ARE CONDITIONAL CASH TRANSFERS AN APPROPRIATE TOOL TO REDUCE THE RATE OF CHILDHOOD OVERWEIGHT AND OBESITY IN MEXICO?

Open Access
Author:
Beltz, Mackenzie Erin
Area of Honors:
Economics
Degree:
Bachelor of Science
Document Type:
Thesis
Thesis Supervisors:
  • Bee Yan Roberts, Thesis Supervisor
  • Russell Paul Chuderewicz, Honors Advisor
Keywords:
  • Conditional Cash Transfers
  • Mexico
  • Prospera
  • Obesity
Abstract:
Previous studies have indicated that there may be a causal relationship between conditional cash transfers (CCTs) and overweight and obesity rates. This research builds upon the existing literature by conducting an empirical study of Prospera CCT implementation and overweight and obesity rates in Mexican youth using data from the Mexican Family Life Survey (MxFLS). Based on the results of this study we cannot accept the alternative hypothesis, which could mean that there is no relationship, that the data collection was not sufficient, or that there are confounding variables not accounted for in the MxFLS. This could signify that Prospera, at least in its current iteration, does not have an effect on childhood overweight and obesity. Regardless of these results, future incarnations of Prospera could benefit from prenatal micro and macronutrient supplements, nutrition education, food stipends, and food stamps for healthy items. While some of these directives go against the base nature of CCTs, something must be done to combat the growing overweight and obesity rates among Mexico’s vulnerable youth population.