Economic Margnialization on Migrants From Host Country Resettlement Programs: An International Comparative Analysis

Open Access
Author:
Adams, Zachary Michael
Area of Honors:
International Affairs
Degree:
Bachelor of Arts
Document Type:
Thesis
Thesis Supervisors:
  • Sophia A Mcclennen, Thesis Supervisor
  • Eleanor Marie Brown, Honors Advisor
Keywords:
  • Refugees
  • Refugee Resettlement
  • European Union
  • Canada
  • United States
  • Economic Marginalization
  • Poverty Risk
  • Migrant Income
  • Migration
  • Asylum Seekers
  • Labor Market
  • Resettlement Programs
Abstract:
Within countries such as those of the European Union, the United States, and Canada, sizeable proportions of migrants from war-torn countries with major internal conflicts have re-assimilated themselves into host societies for asylum and new economic opportunities. These populations have been given government subsidized benefits under refugee resettlement programs, which have been able to offer substantial assistance and relief for those who have recently become displaced from their home countries. Although the governments of the European Union member states, the United States, and Canada have provided refugee populations with robust sustainability and relief efforts to assimilate them, these efforts have not always been sufficient for these migrants to start a new life, and have thus added to situations of economic and social disenfranchisement among recently admitted refugees. Many of these people, moreover, have been left in a helpless situation with regard to the amount of assistance that is required for them to start a new life within their respective host countries. What has arguably manifested is a situation of economic marginalization for these people as soon as the relief programs are discontinued. Overall, this thesis project will argue and seek to quantify that although the EU, U.S., and Canadian governments have provided migrant and refugee populations with robust relief and sustainability efforts to resettle them within the host country and society, the overall efforts may not have been sufficient for these refugees to sustain themselves economically. I also seek to examine which areas within resettlement frameworks should be focused on in order to help prevent migrant economic marginalization, and I find that proper educational attainment and job training seem to be the greatest factors in doing so.