La Duquesa Park: The Transformation of Open-air Dumpsite in Dominican Republic

Open Access
Author:
Zhou, Xiaoji
Area of Honors:
Landscape Architecture
Degree:
Bachelor of Landscape Architecture
Document Type:
Thesis
Thesis Supervisors:
  • Larry James Gorenflo, Thesis Supervisor
  • Larry James Gorenflo, Honors Advisor
  • Kenneth Tamminga, Faculty Reader
Keywords:
  • Phytoremediation
  • Landscape Architecture
  • Landfill Remediation
  • Material Reuse
  • Dominican Republic
Abstract:
Waste management is a global challenge that increasingly gains social awareness due to its negative impact on the natural and human environment. However, the social-economic difficulties of people who are forced to live on trash and work for waste management are relatively unheard. This thesis examines a landfill immediately north of Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, coming up with a model of landfill remediation that benefits not only the ecology but also the socioeconomic environments through landscape design. The approach of this design is based on the history of the Vertedero Duquesa landfill and the cultural discrimination facing by the Batey Duquesa community. It seeks the maximum educational and financial value that a landscape design could create through visual elements and spatial experiences. It suggests a multi-pronged approach of phytoremediation, energy and material reuse, and financial development as a strategy to address the basic needs of sustainable remediation and development.