International Politics (International Relations option) and Spanish

Open Access
Author:
Osche, Matthew Paul
Area of Honors:
International Politics
Degree:
Bachelor of Arts
Document Type:
Thesis
Thesis Supervisors:
  • Xun Cao, Thesis Supervisor
  • Gretchen G Casper, Honors Advisor
Keywords:
  • income inequality
  • international politics
  • state-owned enterprises
  • economics
  • government-type
  • government-orientation
Abstract:
Income inequality rates vary significantly across the globe. Despite countless studies on the topic, this variation and, in turn, the determinants of income inequality, largely remain unexplained. This study seeks to add to the list of identified determinants of income inequality while simultaneously confirming several of those that have been identified in previous research. In particular, I investigate whether or not the presence of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) in a nation has any effect on income inequality rates as measured by the Gini coefficient. My study also examines the possible effect of government ideological orientation, government system, and GDP per capita on income inequality. The results indicate that SOEs do not have any effect on the Gini coefficient while leftist-oriented governments are revealed to hold greater levels of income inequality than both centrist- and rightist-oriented governments. The regression models also indicate that assembly-elected presidential systems hold greater levels of inequality than strictly presidential systems. Moreover, they reveal a minute negative relationship between GDP per capita.